In Pakistan an estimated 44 per cent of the population is without access to safe and clean drinking water while in rural areas 90 per cent of the population lacks such access.
As one indication of the severity of the problem, it is estimated that about .2 million children in Pakistan die every year of diarrheal diseases alone, according to a report of Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR).
Pakistan was a water rich country just a few decades ago; however, a recent World Bank Report mentioned that Pakistan is now among the seventeen countries that are currently facing water shortage.
Major source of drinking water in the country is groundwater, so water availability is the second most serious issue.
This becomes even more problematic as estimated level of water available may decline considerably in the foreseeable future.